Pandemics: It is not 'if', it is 'when'.
Right now around the world, we are facing a stark reminder of the severity, speed, and aggression of communicable diseases such as the latest strain of Coronavirus.
Netflix Show: Pandemic
During Modern History, the human population has been exposed to the following Coronaviruses: Common strains:
29E (alpha coronavirus)
NL63 (alpha coronavirus)
OC43 (beta coronavirus)
HKU1 (beta coronavirus)Other Human Strains: MERS-CoV (the beta coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS) - 2012 Origin: Saudi Arabia and since has been linked with the Arabian Peninsula S
ARS-CoV (the beta coronavirus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS) - November 2002 Origin: China 8098 Cases and 774 Deaths
2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) - January 9th 2020 Origin: China, associated with an outbreak of pneumonia in Wuhan ProvinceWHO was first alerted to an on 31 December 2019 outbreak of pneumonia in Wuhan City, Hubei Province of China.
This virus did not match any other known strains of Pneumonia and immediately raised alarms within the organisation. A new virus strain is an immediate high-risk until deemed identified and understood if the severity and its nature.
The next week Chinese Authorities released a media statement that the virus was, in fact, a new and unknown strain to be called 2019-nCov.
This group of viruses are common in an array of animals. These diseases commonly do not spread from animal to human, with the exception of MERS, SARS and the 2019 Novel Coronavirus. Common animals that spread the disease are camels, cats, cattle and bats. It has been thought that these are transmitted from animal to human and human to human via respiratory droplets. These are transmitted when someone coughs or sneezes and is similar to influenza and other respiratory pathogens in this sense.
Transmission is when infectious diseases are spread from person-to-person. This can occur through touch or the exchange of bodily fluids between two people. The transmission of the disease can occur in a deadly & silent manner when the disease will stay dormant and symptoms won't be observed for quite some time (a number of days depending on the virus). Currently, the severity and rate of transmission are not fully understood. Head here for some updates on the immediate health risk: 2019 Novel Coronavirus, Wuhan, China.
The 2019-nCov is a virus that causes respiratory illness; global organisations have been providing advice and guides on how to protect themselves and those around them from transmitting or contracting this disease.
Stay aware, clean your nose and observe for any behavioural changes that might indicate the transmitted disease!